President Bakiev signed a decree outlining conceptual approaches to reorganisation of the administrative and territorial arrangement of Kyrgyzstan. Reform of the administrative and territorial arrangement of the country with a combination of centralized governance and decentralized local administration is one of the priorities of the reform. The administrative and territorial structure reform will consist of three stages. The first stage will last from 2007 to 2008. A number of oblast structures of the state agencies will be reduced in this stage. The second stage will last from 2009 to 2010, when selected rayons and rural municipalities would be united. The third stage will last from 2010 to 2011 and envisages improvement of the administrative and territorial structure of the country and transition from a 4-level governance system to a 3-level system of governance.
A new project supported by the EU and aimed at increasing efficiency of local self-government and local decision-making starts its operations in Kyrgyzstan. In two years it will cover eight local governments in three southern regions of the country. The project will enhance institutional and professional capacities of the local self-government bodies and promote realisation of public policies at the local level. It will also target the channeling of public opinion into the decision-making process and assist in establishment of long-term institutionalised cooperation between civil society representatives and local self-government bodies. Under this initiative, about 700 local administrators and 400 civil society experts will be trained and educated in the best practices of local public management. Open budget hearings will be organised in the rural areas to increase public interest and involvement in the local policy issues. Conditions and mechanisms for effective dialogue within the local communities will be further promoted and enhanced.